Disasters can take many shapes and forms. They can occur naturally or man-made, and can be accidental or acts of terrorism. In general, disasters are classified into the following categories:
The type of response and the level of response needed often depend on the type and severity of the disaster.
Advanced Practice Registered Nurses and Registered Nurses and APRNs and RNs working under the direction of DPH in Disaster Relief SheltersDEMA Disaster Preparedness
Terrorism Preparedness - References
National ResourcesANA Position Statement: Registered Nurses' Rights and Responsibilities Related to Work Release During a Disaster
ANA Position Statement: Work Release During a Disaster - Guidelines for Employers
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) - Guidance for Mass Decontamination
Patient Decontamination in a Mass Chemical Exposure Incident: National Planning Guidance for Communities
Unresolved issues of legal, ethical, and professional considerations of disaster medical response remain a challenge and could hamper the ability of nurses to respond. A concerted effort to solving these problems is needed, with nurses and stakeholders at the national, state, and local levels.